Table 4

Participant characteristics compared between consideration of banned PES use groups (n=946)

CharacteristicHas considered the use of banned PES (n=28)Has not considered the use of banned PES (n=918)P value
Gender (% male)19(68%)394(43%)0.01
Median income0.51
White (n=916)*22(79%)772(87%)0.21
Medical history
Sport specialisation26(93%)733(80%)0.14
Sport group
 Contact sport25(89%)738(80%)0.25
Cigarette use (n=663)*0(0%)1(0%)0.99
Alcohol use (n=662)*7(27%)89(14%)0.07
Age started organised sports6(5-7)5(4-6)0.22
Relative is a coach3(11%)110(12%)0.84
Number of seasons with coach0(0–2)0(0–0)0.73
Unrestricted internet access18(64%)466(51%)0.16
Reason for playing sports0.76
 To have fun11(39%)499(54%)
 Stay fit3(11%)80(9%)
 Make friends2(7%)10(1%)
 Win a championship4(14%)73(8%)
 Be part of a team5(18%)133(15%)
 To be strong1(4%)20(2%)
 To make parents happy0(0%)3(0%)
Use of weight training regimen19(68%)379(41%)0.007
Belief that athletic ability is influenced by weight20(71%)433(47%)0.02
History of intentional weight loss10(36%)175(19%)0.03
History of intentional weight gain10(36%)108(12%)<0.001
Weeknight hours of sleep7.
Weekend hours of sleep8.
  • *The number in parentheses represents the number of cases with available data for the given characteristic.