Golf | Nordic walk | Walk | |||||||||||

d1 | d3 | Change | P value* | d1 | d3 | Change | P value* | d1 | d3 | Change | P value* | P value† | |

BDNF (ng/mL) | 26.88±7.36 | 39.25±6.30 | 12.37±11.58 | 0.310 | 37.86±15.48 | 54.00±24.85 | 18.12±7.91 | 0.046 | 52.17±23.61 | 51.77±14.82 | 0.39±22.28 | 0.779 | 0.769 |

CTSB (ng/mL) | 58.75±5.80 | 62.27±10.75 | 3.52±11.6 | 0.674 | 102.40±15.48 | 98.73±12.37 | 3.68±6.76 | 0.500 | 84.23±16.84 | 66.77±13.05 | 17.46±10.42 | 0.173 | 0.322 |

Golf n (BDNF)=7, n (CTSB)=8; NW n (BDNF)=7, n (CTSB)=5; W n (BDNF)=8, n (CTSB)=9.

Quantitative variables were expressed as means ±SEM and expressed in mean (95% CI).

Bold values indicates a statistically significant difference with a p-value less than 0.05.

*To determine group difference in days d1 (pre-exercise) and d3 (pre-exercise), data were analysed by Wilcoxon signed rank test.

†To compare the difference in pre-exercise and change value between all groups, data were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis test.

BDNF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor; CTSB, cathepsin B; d1, day 1; d3, day 3.