Table 3

Sensor-derived biomechanical measures between FBHE and HE groups across study timepoints

Baseline4 weeks6 weeks
Mean±SDBetween-group P valueMean±SDBetween-group P valueMean±SD
Contact time (ms)
 FBHE292±340.75268±18*.01†270±21*
 HE288±24286±19
Cadence (steps/min)
 FBHE170±90.24182±10*.01†178±10
 HE169±10170±9
Pace (m/s)
 FBHE3.19±0.430.763.39±0.490.833.38±0.46
 HE3.25±0.413.35±0.45
Stride length (m)
 FBHE2.20±0.340.492.24±0.360.442.27±0.33
 HE2.30±0.312.37±0.32
Shock (g)
 FBHE13.2±2.10.4413.0±1.70.5513.7±1.90
 HE14.0±2.513.6±2.5
Pronation excursion (°)
 FBHE11.7±4.70.5412.7±5.60.8111.8±6.0
 HE10.5±4.313.3±5.0
Maximum pronation velocity (°/s)
 FBHE842±2880.49855±2520.37918±219
 HE757±245746±264
Foot strike type (1–16)
 FBHE7±20.938±20.838±2
 HE7±38±4
  • *Statistically significant compared with baseline at p≤0.05.

  • †Statistically significant differences between groups at p≤0.05.

  • FBHE, contact time gait-training feedback with home exercise; HE, home exercise.