Table 4

FAOS scores

FAOS subscalesCAI (n=29)Healthy (n=76)P value*Effect size
Cohen’s d (95% CI)46
Pain87.0±13.993.7±8.60.020*0.7 (0.2; 1.1)∧∧
Symptoms68.2±10.772.0±12.50.129
ADL94.2±10.897.0±5.80.202
Sports85.7±15.891.0±11.90.109
QoL64.4±20.377.8±21.10.004**0.6 (0.2; 1.1)∧∧
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01.

  • Small effect (> 0.30), ∧∧medium effect (> 0.50), ∧∧∧large effect (> 0.80)

  • ADL, activities of daily living; CAI, chronic ankle instability; FAOS, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score; QOoL, quality of life.