Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
  1. Age 7–17 years

  2. Insidious onset of posterior heel pain with running and jumping activities

  1. Any other injury that limits the ability to participate in treatment and/or muscle-tendon function testing

  2. Any lower extremity surgery or injection within with past 6 months

  3. Any underlying medical condition predisposing heel pain (spina bifida, inflammatory spondyloarthropathy)