Table 4

Spearman’s partial correlations between health-related physical fitness, symptom severity and upper limb function and physical activity, controlled for sex and age

Cardiorespiratory fitnessMuscular strengthBody composition
VO2peakACSM categoryHandgrip strengthBMI (kg/m2)FFMI
Symptom severity and upper limb function
 QuickDASH Questionnaire−0.31 (p=0.155)−0.26 (p=0.227)−0.24 (p=0.268)0.38 (p=0.073)0.17 (p=0.444)
 PRWHE questionnaire−0.19 (p=0.376)−0.21 (p=0.340)−0.24 (p=0.269)0.30 (p=0.159)0.21 (p=0.344)
 PDI−0.30 (p=0.167)−0.20 (p=0.353)−0.21 (p=0.349)0.48 (p=0.022)*0.30 (p=0.169)
 NRS-Pain−0.10 (p=0.640)−0.23 (p=0.289)−0.12 (p=0.574)0.24 (p=0.268)0.25 (p=0.260)
Physical activity
 NNGB0.20 (p=0.354)0.06 (p=0.781)−0.138 (p=0.530)−0.19 (p 0.380)−0.12 (p 0.589)
 Fitnorm0.58 (p=0.004)*0.54 (p=0.008)*0.174 (p=0.428)−0.23 (p 0.301)−0.06 (p 0.790)
  • *Statistically significant (p<0.05).

  • ACSM, American College of Sports Medicine; BMI, body mass index; FFMI, Fat-Free Mass Index; NNGB, Nederlandse Norm Gezond Bewegen (Dutch Healthy Physical Activity Guidelines); NRS-Pain, Numeric Pain Rating Scale; PDI, Pain Disability Index; PRWHE, Patient-Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation; QuickDASH, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand.