Table 2

Methods and applications to the target population

Change objectives per determinantMethod(s)Application(s)
Knowledge
To understand when a minor injury may be a matter of concern.Belief selectionExplain the relation of tissue damage and the thresholds (pain, performance, participation and time loss), types of signs and symptoms of an injury and the difference between delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and injury.
FeedbackProvide feedback on OSTRC-BR outcomes.
To understand the importance of having contact with health professionals for the prevention of running-related injuries.Belief selectionExplain the consequences of not seeking a professional when your symptoms do not go away.
Persuasive communicationA health professional explaining the importance of having contact with professionals for the prevention of running-related injuries.
ReinforcementReminding the importance of having contact with health professionals.
To understand when it is recommended to seek professionals’ opinion/help.Belief selectionExplain how a running-related injury can impact in runners’ health and running practice.
Persuasive communicationA health professional explaining when it is recommended to seek professionals’ opinion/help.
FeedbackProvide feedback on OSTRC-BR outcomes.
To understand how to get a training schedule.Belief selectionExplain how and with whom to get a training schedule.
Persuasive communicationA trainer explaining the importance of having and following a running schedule.
ReinforcementSend messages with tips on how to get a proper running schedule.
To understand the consequences of not following the training schedule.Belief selectionExplain that overtraining and the lack of recovery in appropriate time can lead to injuries.
Persuasive communicationA physiotherapist/medical doctor explaining the consequences of not following the training schedule.
ReinforcementSend messages with examples on the consequences of not following the training schedule.
To understand that comfort should be the most important factor when choosing running shoes.Belief selectionExplain that comfort should be the most important factor when choosing running shoes.
Persuasive communicationA trainer/physiotherapist explaining why comfort should be the most important factor when choosing running shoes.
To understand that there is no right or wrong foot strike pattern. Belief selectionExplain foot strike patterns and state there is no right or wrong pattern with regard to running-related injuries.
Persuasive communicationA trainer/physiotherapist explaining why there is no right or wrong foot strike pattern with regard to running-related injuries.
To understand why conditioning exercises are important for the prevention of running-related injuries.Belief selectionExplain the importance of conditioning exercises for running practice.
Persuasive communicationA trainer explaining the importance of conditioning exercises for running practice.
ReinforcementReminding the runner to perform conditioning exercises on a regular basis.
To understand how to perform conditioning exercises in different contexts.Belief selectionExplain how to perform conditioning exercises in different contexts.
Persuasive communicationA trainer explaining how to perform conditioning exercises in different contexts.
Self-efficacy
To develop self-control in keeping the training schedule.Goal settingEstablish a goal for each running practice or for each training week that is in line with the running schedule.
Set graded tasksSlowly progress the running volume and intensity, with periods of recovery and periodisation.
Skills
To be able to perform conditioning exercises (eg, at the gym, home or parks).FacilitationInstructions and demonstrations on the possibility and how to perform conditioning exercises in different settings/environments.
To be able to incorporate conditioning exercises in a week routine.FacilitationInstructions and demonstrations on when to perform conditioning exercises in different settings/environments.
  • OSTRC-BR: Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems.50