Table 1

Descriptive statistics by recovery status in patients undergoing concussion recovery treatments in a paediatric clinic setting, 2017–2020

Recovery time*, n (%)P value
Total
(n=549)
Normal recovery (n=407)Protracted recovery (n=142)
Recovery time (days), median (IQR)21.0 (15.0–31.0)18.0 (13.0–23.0)43.0 (35.0–52.0)<0.001
Age
 8–12 years152 (27.7)121 (29.7)31 (21.8)0.07
 13–18 years397 (72.3)286 (70.3)111 (78.2)
 Missing0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Sex
 Male312 (56.8)246 (60.3)66 (46.5)0.01
 Female237 (43.2)162 (39.7)76 (53.5)
 Missing0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Sport
 Non-contact68 (12.4)42 (10.3)26 (18.3)0.02
 Contact220 (40.1)159 (39.1)61 (43.0)
 Collision216 (39.3)173 (42.5)43 (30.3)
 Missing45 (8.2)33 (8.1)12 (8.5)
History of concussions
 No405 (73.8)307 (75.4)98 (69.0)0.14
 Yes144 (26.2)100 (24.6)44 (31.0)
 Missing0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0
Time since injury (days), median (IQR)3.0 (2.0–4.0)2.0 (1.0–4.0)3.0 (2.0–5.0)<0.001
  • *Normal recovery was defined as less than 30 days from date of injury. Recovery was defined as medical clearance to return to normal activity (return to play, return to learn).