Table 2

Functional tasks to be used within laboratory-based testing of shoulder joint neuromechanics (adapted from Vidt et al32)

TaskInstructionsLoad
Forward reachStart with hand by side and pick up a weight on a table at stomach height at a distance of 80% forearm length; return hand to starting position with weight in hand; return weight back to original position.1 kg*
Upward reach 90Start with hand by side and pick up a weight on a shelf at shoulder height (ie, 90°); return hand to starting position with weight in hand; return weight back to original position.1 kg*
Upward reach 105Start with hand by side and pick up a weight on a shelf 15° above horizontal; return hand to starting position with weight in hand; return weight back to original position.1 kg*
Sideward reachStart with hand by side and pick up a weight on a shelf at shoulder height (ie, 90°) directly to the side; return hand to starting position with weight in hand; return weight back to original position.1 kg*
Axilla washStart with hand by side; reach across the torso to touch the lateral aspect of the opposite shoulder; return hand to starting position.No load
Rear reachStart with hand by side; reach behind the torso to touch the centre of the small of the back with palm side of fingers/hand; return hand to starting position.No load
Hair combStart with hand by side; reach to the forehead; comb the centre of the hair from front to back once; return hand to starting position.No load†
  • *A 1 kg dumbbell to be used to mimic a typical kitchen object (eg, a plate).

  • †Pencil used to mimic holding a comb.