Table 1

Range of motion before and after PPCS

Range of motionPreintervention Mean (±SD)Postintervention Mean (±SD)Mean change X (±SD)Per cent improvementP valueCohen’s d value
Flexion152.67° (12.71°)166.17° (10.31°)13.5° (8.11)8.9%≤0.0011.66
Abduction151.33° (11.81°)162.33° (9.62°)11° (8.35)7.2%≤0.0011.31
Internal rotation53.67° (13.38°)62.17° (12.57°)8.5° (10.27)15.9%≤0.0010.82
External rotation71.67° (9.67°)79.50° (11.01°)7.83° (7.15)11.0%≤0.0011.09
Total rotation124.33° (17.75°)141.67° (19.13°)17.34° (13.81)14.0%≤0.0011.25
RUBTB (cm)24.10 (3.81)17.20 (3.80)6.90 (2.80)28.6%≤0.0012.45
RDBTN (cm)24.10 (5)16.70 (35)7.40 (3.85)31%≤0.0011.92
  • NPCS; RDBTN, reaching down behind the neck; RUBTB, reaching up behind the back.