Table 5

Findings of studies reporting short-term outcomes (up to 12 weeks of follow-up)

Acute/chronic tendinopathyTreatment modesTendon affectedFirst author (year)PainFunctional disabilityROMStrengthSatisfactionStructural integrityQoL
AcuteCombined isometric exercise/ice therapy versus ice therapyRotator cuffParle (2017)32↔ (VAS)↔ (DASH)
Isometric exercise versus iceRotator cuffParle (2017)32↔ (VAS)↔ (DASH)
Dupuis (2018)31↔ (BPI)↔ (DASH)↔ (WORC)
Overall isometric exercise versus ice (evidence level)↔ (3)↔ (3)↔ (3)↔ (3)↔ (3)↔ (3)↔ (3)
ChronicIsometric versus isotonic exercisePatellarvan Ark (2016)36↔ (NRS)↔ (VISA-P)↔ (GROC)
Greater trochanteric pain syndromeClifford (2019)17↔ (NRS)↔ (VISA-G)↔ (GROC)↔ (EQ-5D-5L)
Overall isometric versus isotonic exercise (evidence level) (3) (3) (3) (3)
ChronicCombined isometric/isotonic exercise versus isotonic exerciseWrist extensorsStasinopoulos (2017)33↓ (VAS)↓ (pain-free grip strength)
AchillesGatz (2020)37↔ (VISA-A, AOFAS)
Overall combined isometric/isotonic exercise versus isotonic exercise (evidence level) (3) (3)
Isometric exercise versus no treatmentWrist extensorsVuvan (2020)34↔ (pain-free grip strength)
↔ (GROC)
  • ↓: lower at statistical significance*; ↑: higher at statistical significance*; ↔: no statistically significant difference.

  • *With the first versus the second intervention.

  • AOFAS, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Score; BPI, Brief Pain Inventory; DASH, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand; EQ-5D-5L, EuroQoL 5 Dimensions 5 Level Index; GROC, Global Rating of Change; NRS, Numeric Rating Scale; PRTEE, Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation; QoL, quality of life; ROM, range of movement; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale; VISA-A, Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles tendon; VISA-G, Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-gluteal tendons; VISA-P, Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-patellar tendon; WORC, Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index.