Table 2

Items of the follow-up questionnaires and injury questionnaire

QuestionnaireSectionItems
Follow-up questionnaireRunning-related injuriesRunning injury since filling in previous questionnaire (yes/no)
Location (lower back/buttock/hip/groin/ventral thigh/dorsal thigh/knee/shin/calf/Achilles tendon/ankle/foot/toe)
Onset (sudden/gradually)
Recurrent injury (yes/no)
Type (bruise/muscle or tendon injury/sprain/distortion/ ligament injury/ bone fracture/joint dislocation/cartilage or meniscus injury/nerve entrapment/unknown)
Diagnosis
Suspected cause
Severity (OSTRC Overuse Injury Questionnaire*)
Treatment (yes/no, and if yes, what treatment)
Use of (pain) medication (yes/no, and if yes, what medication)
Pain and impairment of activities of daily living-tasks
Complete recovery (yes/no)
Duration of complaints (weeks)
Running behaviour†RAS questionnaire‡
Training§Average running frequency over last month (times per week)
Average running time over last month (minutes per week)
Average running distance over last month (km per week)
Average running speed over last month (minutes per km)
Injury prevention programme¶Read programme (yes/no, and if yes, which steps)
Applied programme to training (yes/no, and if yes, which steps)
Injury questionnaireRunning-related injuriesDate onset injury
Location (lower back/buttock/hip/groin/ventral thigh/dorsal thigh/knee/shin/calf/Achilles tendon/ankle/foot/toe)
Pain severity (0–10 Numerical Rating Scale)
Severity (OSTRC Overuse Injury Questionnaire*)
Complete recovery (yes/no)
  • *Oslo Trauma Research Centre Overuse Injury Questionnaire.50

  • †Only included in the first follow-up questionnaire (1 month before the running event).

  • ‡Running Addiction Scale,51 translated into Dutch according to the existing guidelines,52 included to assess whether specific subgroups of runners are more prone to RRIs due to altered running behaviour are present.

  • §Only included in the second follow-up questionnaire (1 week before the running event).

  • ¶Only included in the last follow-up questionnaire of the intervention group (1 month after the running event).