Table 1

Tackle-related injury frequencies and rates in professional rugby union

StudyCohortInjury definitionInjury frequencyInjury rate
Jakoet and Noakes1451995 RWC teamsOverall and time-loss (>1 day)56% (29% tackled, 27% tackling)N/A
Targett146Super 12 teamTime-loss (>2 training sessions, >1 match)46%N/A
Doyle and George147England Women’s teamOverall and time-loss (>1 day)30% tacklingN/A
Best et al232003 RWC teamsOverall and time-loss (>1 day)40% (19% tackled, 21% tackling)38.9/1000 hours (18.7/1000 hours tackled [95% CI 12.6 to 24.7]; 20.2/1000 hours tackling [95% CI 13.9 to 26.5])
Brooks et al148England 2003 RWC teamTime-loss (>1 day)36% (23% tackled, 13% tackling)50/1000 hours (tackled only)
Holtzhausen et al149Super 12 South African teamsTime-loss (>1 day or special treatment)61% (46% tackled, 15% tackling)33.8/1000 hours (25.7/1000 hours tackled, 8.1/1000 hours tackling)
Fuller et al20English Premiership teamsTime-loss (>1 day)63%33.9/1000 hours (95% CI 30.3 to 37.9)
Fuller et al242007 RWC teamsTime-loss (>1 day)N/A29.2/1000 hours (22.4/1000 hours tackled [95% CI 16.6 to 30.2]; 6.8/1000 hours tackling [95% CI 3.9 to 11.7])
Quarrie and Hopkins10Professional New Zealand men’s teamsOverall and time- loss (>1 day)N/A12.2/1000 hours (5.8/1000 hours tackled [90% CI 4.9 to 6.8]; 6.4/1000 hours tackling [90% CI 5.5 to 7.5])
Schick et al1502006 Women’s RWC teamsTime-loss (>1 day)63% (36% tackled, 27% tackling)N/A
Fuller et al151Super 14 teamsOverall and time-loss (>1 day)68% (41% tackled [95% CI 35.5 to 47.2]; 27% tackling [95% CI 21.5 to 32])N/A
Fuller et al151Vodacom Cup teamsOverall and time-loss (>1 day)64% (33% tackled [95% CI 21.3 to 44.3]; tackling 31% [95% CI 19.9 to 42.6])N/A
Taylor et al272010 Women’s RWC teamsTime-loss (>1 day)38% (33% tackled [95% CI 18.5 to 48.1]; 5% tackling [95% CI 0 to 12.1])N/A
Fuller et al252011 RWC teamsTime-loss (>1 day)44%40.1/1000 hours (21.9/1000 hours tackled [95% CI 16.2 to 29.6]; 18.2/1000 hours tackling [95% CI 13.1 to 25.4])
Schwellnus et al8Super Rugby South African teamsTime-loss (>1 day)49% (23% tackled, 26% tackling)N/A
Fuller et al262015 RWC teamsTime-loss (>1 day)46% (25% tackled [95% CI 18.2 to 31.2]; 21% tackling [95% CI 15.0 to 27.3])N/A
Williams et al152English Premiership teamOverall and time-loss (>1 day)N/A29.2/1000 hours (18.0/1000 hours tackled; 11.2/1000 tackling)
Schwellnus et al153Super Rugby South African teamsTime-loss (>1 day)54% (23% tackled, 27% tackling, 4% unspecified)N/A
Ranson et al51UK club teamsTime-loss (>1 day)N/A39.7/1000 hours (17.7/1000 hours tackled [90% CI 14.5 to 21.5]; 22/1000 tackling [90% CI 18.4 to 26.2])
  • N/A, not applicable; RWC, Rugby World Cup.