Table 1

Sample demographics and scale reliabilities

VariableMalesFemales
(n=1007)(n=84)
AgeM (SD)23.7 (4.1)23.8 (5.2)
Highest education completed
 High schooln (%)797 (79.3)39 (46.4)
 Trade or technical educationn (%)143 (14.2)14 (16.7)
 Completed a university degreen (%)65 (6.5)29 (34.5)
Currently studyingn (%)431 (42.8)46 (54.8)
Marital status
 Partnered/de-facton (%)512 (50.9)34 (40.4)
 Singlen (%)332 (33.0)47 (56.0)
 Marriedn (%)161 (16.0)3 (3.6)
 Separatedn (%)2 (0.2)0 (0)
Moved from home to play sportn (%)468 (69.0)24 (28.6)
 Another region within staten (%)134 (13.3)5 (6.0)
 Another state within Australian (%)451 (44.8)16 (19.0)
 Another countryn (%)65 (6.5)3 (3.6)
Living situation
 Rentingn (%)464 (46.1)21 (25.0)
 My own home with mortgagen (%)277 (27.5)17 (20.2)
 Living with a host familyn (%)56 (5.6)2 (2.4)
 My own home outrightn (%)43 (4.3)0 (0)
 Family homen (%)152 (15.1)38 (45.2)
 Othern (%)14 (1.4)6 (7.1)
Cultural background
 Born in Australian (%)916 (91.1)75 (89.3)
 Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islandern (%)69 (6.9)5 (6.8)
 Maorin (%)3 (0.3)0 (0)
Time in current elite competition
 <1 yearn (%)108 (10.7)13 (15.5)
 1–5 yearsn (%)500 (49.7)51 (60.7)
 >5 yearsn (%)399 (39.6)20 (23.8)
Current injury status
 Uninjuredn (%)717 (71.3)61 (72.6)
 Currently injured/on adapted training programmen (%)288 (28.7)22 (26.2)
Scale reliability (cronbach coefficient)
 APSQ self-regulationα0.820.74
 APSQ performanceα0.740.72
 APSQ external copingα0.680.80
 APSQ total scoreα0.870.84
 K-10α0.860.80
 WEMWBSα0.940.93
  • APSQ, Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire; K-10, Kessler 10; WEMWBS, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale.