Table 3

Pulse pressure changes over 24 weeks of the study period

VariableGroupBaselineWeek 8Week 16Week 24P value (Δ from baseline)Mean ΔP value
(week 24–week 0)
Male
 Resting PPMS56.7±11.454.4±7.556.6±11.550.6±9.10.43−6.1±10.8
ML55.6±17.751.1±17.250.3±8.742.5±7.10.03−13.1±22.20.32
 Exhaustion PPMS117.6±13.4114.6±17.6110.6±16.6102.1±12.40.77−15.5±9.6
ML99.1±21.299.3±17.592.6±13.697.1±16.00.48−2.0±13.00.01
 5 min rest PPMS54.9±9.759.6±12.057.8±11.253.0±7.30.32−1.9±10.2
ML60.0±17.153.4±6.651.3±7.044.9±8.10.07−15.1±19.00.05
Female
 Resting PPFS50.0±7.149.8±8.448.3±6.444.5±7.70.77−5.5±4.8
FL48.7±14.150.6±13.847.3±12.145.6±9.00.2−3.1±12.90.55
 Exhaustion PPFS109.7±22.798.5±17.794.3±17.594.2±17.90.43−15.5±13.5
FL97.6±26.196.7±22.191.2±12.092.2±12.20.03−5.4±23.60.2
 5 min rest PPFS53.1±6.748.7±9.751.0±7.149.1±8.10.51−4.0±7.4
FL47.9±12.247.2±10.849.1±8.146.2±6.70.09−1.7±11.40.56
  • Values are means±SD. P<0.05: significant difference in mean change between the two regimes.

  • FL, long exercise bouts female; FS, short exercise bouts female; ML, long exercise bouts male; MS, short exercise bouts male; PP, pulse pressure.