Table 1

Use of medication in the 2018 FIFA World Cup

Total number of medicationsAverage number of medications used per player (mean±SD)Players using a medication
Per match2018 FIFA World CupPer match (%)2018 FIFA World Cup (%)
Any medication21230.72±1.171.32±1.653954
NSAIDs8200.28±0.520.52±0.72440
Injections*270.01±0.10.02±0.1812
Analgesics2920.1±0.310.19±0.421017
β-2 agonists200.01±0.080.01±0.0811
Antihistamines1030.03±0.210.06±0.2735
Other8610.29±0.670.49±0.922953
By stage
Group14700.65±1.0832
Knockout6530.88±1.3647
By confederation
AFC2970.81±1.311.39±1.23547
CAF1660.48±0.830.88±0.453246
UEFA9980.66±1.191.17±1.173549
Concacaf2260.98±1.11.83±1.015374
CONMEBOL4360.9±1.141.84±0.475177
  • *Of glucocorticosteroids and local anaesthetics.

  • AFC, Asian Football Confederation; CAF, Confederation of African Football; CONMEBOL, South American Football Confederation; Concacaf, Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.