Table 4

Association of doctors’ PA counselling knowledge and attitudes with PA enquiry/counselling

Enquire re: PA habits (n=523)Provide written/verbal advice or prescription to patients (n=523)
Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
χ2Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
χ2
Postgraduate hours received in health promotion
 None117 (81.3%)27 (18.8%)13.7ns114 (79.2%)30 (20.8%)13.3*
 <4 hours130 (86.7%)20 (13.3%)128 (85.3%)22 (14.7%)
 4–10 hours68 (97.1%)2 (2.9%)66 (94.3%)4 (5.7%)
 11–40 hours49 (92.5%)4 (7.5%)49 (92.5%)4 (7.5%)
 >40 hours62 (91.2%)6 (8.8%)62 (91.2%)6 (8.8%)
 Don’t know34 (89.5%)4 (10.5%)33 (86.8%)5 (13.2%)
Postgraduate hours received in PA counselling
 None251 (83.7%)49 (16.3%)16.4**242 (80.7%)58 (19.3%)23.2***
 <4 hours103 (89.6%)12 (10.4%)104 (90.4%)11 (9.6%)
 4–10 hours48 (98.0%)1 (2.0%)49 (100.0%)0 (0.0%)
 11–40 hours16 (100.0%)0 (0.0%)16 (100.0%)0 (0.0%)
 >40 hours25 (100.0%)0 (0.0%)24 (96.0%)1 (4.0%)
 Don’t know17 (94.4%)1 (5.6%)17 (94.4%)1 (5.6%)
Efficacy in helping patients achieve change in PA habits
 Very ineffective24 (57.1%)18 (42.9%)65.9***21 (50.0%)21 (50.0%)74.8***
 Ineffective218 (83.8%)42 (16.2%)215 (82.7%)45 (17.3%)
 Effective200 (99.0%)2 (1.0%)198 (98.0%)4 (2.0%)
 Very effective18 (94.7%)1 (5.3%)18 (94.7%)1 (5.3%)
Priority placed on PA counselling in practice
 Very low10 (43.5%)13 (56.5%)103.2***5 (21.7%)18 (78.3%)156.9***
 Low56 (67.5%)27 (32.5%)51 (61.4%)32 (38.6%)
 Medium140 (88.1%)19 (11.9%)144 (90.6%)15 (9.4%)
 High126 (96.9%)4 (3.1%)125 (96.2%)5 (3.8%)
Self-rated knowledge of how to perform PA counselling
 Very poor41 (64.1%)23 (35.9%)45.4***34 (53.1%)30 (46.9%)75.6***
 Poor113 (87.6%)16 (12.4%)111 (86.0%)18 (14.0%)
 Fair129 (89.0%)16 (11.0%)130 (89.7%)15 (10.3%)
 Good137 (96.5%)5 (3.5%)137 (96.5%)5 (3.5%)
 Very good/excellent40 (93.0%)3 (7.0%)40 (93.0%)3 (7.0%)
Self-rated confidence to perform PA counselling
 Very poor42 (62.7%)25 (37.3%)58.7***34 (50.7%)33 (49.3%)102.4***
 Poor110 (84.6%)20 (15.4%)105 (80.8%)25 (19.2%)
 Fair128 (90.8%)13 (9.2%)134 (95.0%)7 (5.0%)
 Good132 (98.5%)2 (1.5%)131 (97.8%)3 (2.2%)
 Very good/excellent48 (94.1%)3 (5.9%)48 (94.1%)3 (5.9%)
  • *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001.

  • PA, physical activity; ns, not significant.