Table 2

Mixed-effects regression for county-level, male-specific inactivity by region

MidwestNortheastSouthWest
Per cent of exercise-related tweets (logged)−0.222*−0.839**−0.488***−0.913***
0.1270.4020.1070.205
Tweet sentiment towards exercise0.003−0.0110.001−0.026***
0.0050.0160.0040.008
Average exercise intensity, via Tweets−0.003**0.010*0.0003−0.002
0.0020.0060.0010.003
'Fitness centre' Google search index−0.090***−0.0140.0430.017
0.030.0150.0370.04
'Weight loss' Google search index0.142***0.0550.063−0.011
−0.044−0.036−0.044−0.088
Median age0.035*−0.002−0.073***−0.012
0.0210.0590.0180.025
Median household income (in 1000s)−0.076***−0.059***−0.101***−0.048***
0.0110.0170.0070.013
Per cent non-Hispanic black−0.0260.032−0.014**0.216***
0.0260.0410.0060.081
Per cent Hispanic0.039**0.074**−0.026***0.016
0.0170.0290.0070.012
Per cent with access to exercise space−0.027***−0.038***−0.028***−0.037***
0.0050.0140.0040.007
Driving death rate1.073***1.128**0.902***1.131***
0.1880.5020.1450.221
Violent crime rate−0.00020.0002−0.00020.001
0.0010.0020.00040.001
Constant30.847***29.785***33.294***32.998***
3.4215.7344.1216.458
Observations9092131300383
Adjusted R20.5270.3800.6340.616
SD, random intercept1.3320.3191.7912.299
  • Note: *p<0.1; **p<0.05; ***p<0.01.