Table 3

Main outcome

Non-surgical (n=14)Surgical (n=33)Mean difference (95% CI)P value
Follow-up time, months*45.0 (±16.2)49.0 (±16.0)4.0 (14. to −6.3)0.44
LEFS*71.6 (±15.8)73.8 (±11.6)2.2 (10.8 to −6.5)0.61
LEFS imputation†*71.6 (±15.8)72.6 (±11.5)1.0 (9.3 to −7.2)0.80
Pain, Visual Analog Scale (VAS)*1.1 (±1.9)1.4 (±1.9)0.3 (1.6 to −0.9)0.6
Satisfied‡10 (71)28 (85)0.42
Any medication due to pain in injured leg‡3 (21)6 (18)1.0
Any stiffness in injured leg‡6 (43)19 (56)0.52
Any numbness in injured leg‡3 (21)10 (31)0.72
Self-estimated recovery 100% in injured leg‡9 (64)16 (48)0.36
Self-estimated 100% strength in injured leg‡6 (43)16 (48)0.76
Total hours of physical training per week at follow-up2.7 (±2.2)5.2 (±4.8)2.5 (4.6 to 0.4)0.02
Regards themselves as high-performance athlete at follow-up11 (79%)31 (94%)0.15
  • Fischer’s exact test was used for categorical variables and the Student´s t-test for continuous variables.

  • *Mean (SD).

  • †LEFS was imputed with five missing data points for patients in the surgically treated group.

  • ‡n (%).

  • LEFS, Lower Extremity Functional Scale.