Table 1

Descriptive data

CharacteristicNon-golfersGolfersTotal
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age (years) (non-golf n=9307, golf n=128)48.5 (17.6)57.7* (14.2)48.7 (17.6)
Income $A/week (non-golf n=8378, golf n=114)1641.40 (1480.40)1824.00 (1437.77)1643.90 (1479.95)
Average steps/day (non-golf n=4999, golf n=76)7314.6 (3635.6)8865.7* (3806.4)7337.8 (3642.7)
Total cholesterol mmol/L (non-golf n=3714, golf n=54)5.15 (1.03)5.39 (1.1)5.15 (1.03)
HDL cholesterol mmol/L (non-golf n=3714, golf n=54)1.37 (0.37)1.43 (0.43)1.37 (0.37)
LDL cholesterol mmol/L (non-golf n=3091, golf n=50)3.17 (0.90)3.40 (0.93)3.17 (0.90)
HbA1c mmol/mol (non-golf n=3703, golf n=54)36.64 (7.25)36.38 (4.38)36.64 (7.22)
Fasting glucose, mmol/L (non-golf n=3129, golf n=50)5.2 (0.94)5.3 (0.7)5.2 (0.94)
BMI kg/m2 (non-golf n=7846, golf n=112)27.5 (5.58)28.4(4.39)27.5 (5.56)
Proportion overweight or obese (BMI >25)63.9%75.9%*64.1%
  • *Significantly different from non-golfers (p<0.05).

  • BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.