Table 1

Included studies

StudyScreened (n)Enrolled* (n)InterventionComparatorStageIntervention groupComparator group
nAge† (years)BMI† (kg/m2)Female (%)nAge† (years)BMI† (kg/m2)Female (%)
Houck et al 32 8839Orthoses+stretching+isotonic strengtheningOrthoses+stretchingII1957 (2)30 (6)15 (78.9)1758 (9)31 (5)13 (76.5)
Jeong et al 31 NR14Stretching+isotonic ankle strengthening+balance trainingNo interventionI or II752.57 (16.13)22.6 (2.37)7 (100)553.2 (12.61)24.02 (3.63)5 (100)
Kulig et al 33 12640Orthoses+stretching+concentric strengtheningOrthoses+stretchingI or II1255.3 (16.4)32 (9.24)10 (83.3) 12 51.3 (17.2) 28.7 (6.26) 8 (66.7)
Kulig et al 33 12640Orthoses+stretching+eccentric strengtheningOrthoses+stretchingI or II1249.4 (12.6)28.5 (7.09)10 (83.3) 12 51.3 (17.2) 28.7 (6.26) 8 (66.7)
  • Italics, same comparator group.

  • *Prerandomisation (includes dropouts).

  • †Mean (SD).

  • BMI, body mass index; NR, not reported.