Table 1

Multidisciplinary team residential hip rehabilitation programme—components of treatment

Treatment modalityTreatment contentTreatment goalsFrequency per week (duration)
Group exerciseStrengthening exercises, active range of motion exercises, functional balance drills, gait drills, progressive coordination drills, non-weight-bearing aerobic /endurance exercise, minor team gamesRestore strength of deep hip stabilisers, improve core strength, increase joint range of motion, improve balance and neuromotor control, improve muscle endurance, promote group cohesion and social support12 (30–45 min)
Individual physiotherapy*Manual therapy techniques, muscle activation and timing patterns, active and passive range of motion exercises, advice on home exercise, gait re-education trainingImprove quality and timing of movement, improve muscle strength, reduce pain, increase joint range of motion, induce relaxation, promote normal walking gait5 (30 min)
Hydrotherapy/swimmingNon-weight-bearing aerobic exercise, strengthening exercises, active range of motion exercises, self-paced recreational swimming, progressive/assisted weight-bearing exercise and activityImprove muscle strength, improve aerobic capacity, increase joint range of motion, improve confidence in weight bearing, induce relaxation, promote enjoyment and variety of treatment3 (60 min)
Individual occupational therapy†Relaxation techniques, postural re-education, cognitive–behavioural therapy techniques, self-help coping strategies, pain managementInduce relaxation, promote behavioural change, control pain, correct/improve poor posture3 (60 min)
Patient educationCoping with pain, benefits of exercise, joint protection, anatomy and pathology of hip pain, nutritionActivity modification, reduction of pain, promote behavioural change, weight management, improve knowledge of treatment options, improve ability to relax, improve knowledge of self-help techniques2 (60 min)
  • *Exercise dosage, progression and intensity were governed by the physiotherapist and tailored to the needs of each individual patient.

  • †Occupational therapy referrals were individually prescribed to selected patients.