Table 1

Baseline characteristics of trial participants (N=82)

VariableControl (n=21)
Mean (SD)
Frequency
OEP (n=61)
Mean (SD)
Frequency
Total (N=82)
Mean (SD)
Frequency
Age (years)79.9 (5.0)79.5(4.8)79.6 (4.5)
Height (cm)172.3 (44.4)166.9 (9.3)168.3 (23.6)
Sex
 Female164056
 Male52226
Weight (kg)73.3 (20.8)76.2 (16.9)75.4 (17.9)
Education
 Less than grade 9145
 Grades 9–13, without certificate or diploma21618
 High school certificate or diploma011
 Trades or professional certificate or diploma347
 Some university certificate or diploma189
 University certificate or diploma358
 University degree*112334
 MMSE score (maximum 30 points)28.6 (1.0)28.6 (1.5)28.6 (1.4)
 MoCA score (maximum 30 points)24.7 (3.0)24.3 (3.7)24.4 (3.5)
 Activities Specific Balance Confidence Scale84.6 (16.7)85.1 (13.8)85.0 (14.5)
 Geriatric Depression Scale (maximum 15 points)0.5 (1.1)0.5 (1.1)0.9 (1.3)
 Functional Comorbidity Index (maximum 18 points)0.1 (0.4)0 (0)0.02 (0.22)
 Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly113 (62)125 (64)121 (63)
 Standing balance3.5 (0.8)3.8 (0.5)3.87(0.6)
 PPA0.98 (1.1)0.79 (1.2)0.84 (1.2)
 SPPB9.4 (2.6)9.7 (1.7)9.6 (2.0)
Compliance (n=44)
 Walking compliance (%)NA177 (88)NA
 Exercise compliance (%)NA93 (48)NA
 Overall compliance (%)NA127 (52)NA
  • †Count=number of ‘yes’ cases within each group. %=percent of ‘yes’ within each group.

  • MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; MoCA, Montreal Cognitive Assessment; NA, not available; OEP, Otago Exercise Programme; PPA, Physiological Profile Assessment; SPPB, Short Performance Physical Battery.