Table 2

Mean values (SDs) and mean change (SDs) for outcome measures

Variable*NBaseline
Mean (SD)
nFinal
Mean (SD)
NMean change at final from baseline (SD)†
Control
 PPA210.98 (1.1)191.4 (1.2)190.43 (1.2)
 SPPB219.4 (2.6)199.4 (2.6)190.0 (1.2)
OEP
 PPA610.79 (1.2)410.7 (0.9)41−0.12 (1.0)
 SPPB619.7 (1.7)439.7 (1.7)43−0.3 (1.9)
  • *Stroop CW=stroop colour-words condition; stroop C=stroop coloured-X's condition; n=newtons; w=watts; m/sec=metres per second.

  • †Mean change for all cognitive measures=final value minus baseline value. Positive change indicates improvement. Mean change for all performance measures=final value minus baseline value. Positive change indicates improvement.

  • OEP, Otago Exercise Programme; PPA, Physiological Profile Assessment; SPPB, Short Performance Physical Battery.