Table 2

Domains and contents of the preparticipation screening performed by a physician

Personal medical history
  • Review of the screening questionnaire

  • side-to-side difference in iliac crest height (no-yes) if yes, which side is in higher position?

  • scoliometer value in forward bending from the level of sacrum (degrees, right+, left–) iliac crest (degrees, right+, left–) lower scapula (degrees, right+, left–)

  • side-to-side difference in shoulder height (no-yes) scoliometer value in acromioclavicular joint level (degrees, right+, left–)

  • side-to-side difference in humerus anteroposterior position (no-yes) if yes, which side is in front? (left, right, both) is adolescent able to correct asymmetrical position? (no-yes)

Range of motion
  • shoulder neck mobility

  • deep squat

  • Beighton index, Horan mobility

  • Thomas test

  • hip joint rotation, passive internal and external rotation degrees

  • Navicular drop

Core and knee control
  • two-leg drop jump

  • modified Hoover

  • Trendelenburg test with 20 cm stance:

    • lateral movement to right and left (cm)

    • lateral tilt (degrees) and its direction (right+, left–)

Heart r auscultation (supine and sitting)
Lung auscultation (normal and forced breathing)
  • pulses (palpable, symmetrical, normal vs description of abnormal findings)

  • lymph nodes in neck, on clavicles and groin (normal vs description of abnormal findings)

  • thyroid gland (normal vs description of abnormal findings)

  • stomach (normal vs description of abnormal findings)

  • testes, resistances in testes? (description of abnormal findings)

Biological age evaluation
(stage of maturity)
  • in girls: menarche was enquired

  • in boys: pubis hair Tanner grading 1–6, size of testes was measured (larger or smaller than 20 mm)

Skin inspection
  • Acne (no-yes)

Oropharyngeal inspection
  • Normal versus description of abnormal findings

Structured examination of different apophyses
  • present pain (no-yes)

  • previous pain lasting more than 3 weeks disturbing physical activity (no-yes) if yes, at which age pain existed and how long time-period it lasted?

  • previous tendon avulsion? (no-yes)

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour
  • Objective assessment with accelerometer for 7 days