Introduction Proximal Hamstring Avulsion (PHA) is a rare injury and happens with hyperextended knee and hyperflexed hip.
Materials and Methods The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of surgical and conservative treatment of PHA.
Patients with MRI-verified PHA were included and had either surgery or training. At baseline, at 6 and 12 months follow-up, all patients answered Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool (PHAT), Hip Sports Activity Scale (HSAS), overall-health Visual Analog scale and had their knee flexion strength measured at 30 degrees using handheld dynamometer.
Results 13 patients had surgery (mean age 51±15, 46% females, 15 days after injury) and 13 patients had training (mean age 50±17, 46% females, 64 days after injury). In the surgical group, the median PHAT score increased from 41 to 70 to 82 (p<0.001), their overall health: 50 to 80 to 80 (p=0.025) and their HSAS: 0 to 3 to 3 (p<0.01). In the training group, the PHAT score increased from 51 to 68 to 77 (p<0.001). Overall health improved from 69 to 75 to 80 (p=0.025), while HSAS went from 0 to 1 to 1 (p<0.01). Median knee strength improved in the surgical group from 0.22 to 0.67 to 1.07 Nm/kg (<0.001) and in the training group from 0.24 to 0.44 to 0.48 Nm/kg (p<0.001).
Conclusion At 12 months follow-up, both groups improved PHAT and overall health. However, the surgical group improved more in knee flexion strength and were able to participate in sports at a higher level than the training group.
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.