Article Text

Measuring the growing impact of BOSEM: halfway there or living on a prayer?
  1. Patrick J Owen1,
  2. Daniel Ludovic Belavy2,
  3. Diana Gai Robinson3,
  4. Nash Anderson4,
  5. Amy Harwood5,
  6. Yorgi Mavros6,
  7. Nicola Sewry7,
  8. Evert Verhagen8
  1. 1Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2Department of Applied Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Hochschule für Gesundheit Bochum, Bochum, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
  3. 3Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  4. 4Tuggeranong Chiropractic Centre, Fadden, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  5. 5Centre for Sport and Exercise Life Sciences, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Coventry University, Coventry, UK
  6. 6University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  7. 7University of Pretoria Sport Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Institute, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
  8. 8Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam UMC Locatie VUmc, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Professor Evert Verhagen; e.verhagen{at}

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Comparison is often cited as the thief of joy. However, in academic publishing, comparing the quality and impact of scholarly journals through metrics can help you choose the most impactful journal to entrust your scientific work. Naturally, the quality and impact of a journal cannot be captured in a single value; consequently, various metrics exist. For example, BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine (BOSEM) ranks 36th out of 218 journals in the field of Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; we have a CiteScore of 4.6 and a Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) of 1.294.1 Another way of looking at our impact is to consider the number of visitors our Open Access content draws. So far this year (January to June 2022), we welcomed 349 629 page views. This foresees again an increase compared with 2021 (647 451 page views) and 2020 (517 858 page views). Are you starting to get dizzy yet? We have not touched on arguably the most important metric, the Journal Impact Factor (JIF). You may have noticed that BOSEM, as yet, has not been awarded this metric. The BOSEM Editorial Board would like to explain why, as well as measure the growing impact of BOSEM via our own ‘unofficial’ JIF calculation.

A Journal Impact Factor

The JIF is a metric awarded and upgraded annually by Clarivate in their Journal Citation Report.2 The JIF represents the annual number of citations of published manuscripts over the two preceding years. The 2020 and 2021 JIFs were calculated using the following formulae3:

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The JIF is considered a proxy for the importance of a journal in its field. After all, important and impactful publications will be cited more often in other scientific work. In reality, there is some controversy around the JIF.4 5 Yet, for now, it remains the metric most editorial teams eagerly look out for each year.

A journal’s journey towards an impact factor

While 192 journals received a JIF for the first time in June 2022,3 this was not the case for BOSEM. Acquiring a JIF is not given. Journals that receive a JIF are typically the most consistently high impact in their scientific disciplines; consequently, the bar is set high. So, what is the process of acquiring a JIF? First, after 2 years of publication history, a journal can apply to be listed in the Web of Science Core Collection. The journal is then evaluated against stringent quality criteria, including editorial board strength, transparency and quality of editorial processes and scientific and content quality of published manuscripts. When a journal passes this initial evaluation, it is accepted in the Emerging Sources Citation Index and indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection. After 2 years, the journal is re-evaluated, and a JIF is awarded if it is deemed of high quality for its field. Despite BOSEM being around since 2015, we are yet to receive a JIF. We applied for this process 4 years ago and we are now heading into the second year of our listing in the Emerging Sources Citation Index. We are hopeful to be re-evaluated to receive a JIF in 2023.

Calculating a JIF for BOSEM

Despite not obtaining an official JIF yet, we performed our own calculation to enable comparison to other journals in the sport and exercise medicine field. Per Clarivate protocols,3 we searched the Web of Science Core Collection on 29 June 2022 using the following search string: SO=(BMJ OPEN SPORT EXERCISE MEDICINE). We then refined document types to articles and review articles only. We extracted all documents from 2018 (n=139; online supplemental file 1), 2019 (n=113; online supplemental file 2) and 2020 (n=121; online supplemental file 3). We then extracted total citations in: (a) 2020 for articles published in 2018 (n=363) and 2019 (n=234), and (b) 2021 for articles published in 2019 (n=429) and 2020 (n=375). Using the Clarivate JIF formulae, we calculated the 2021 and 2020 JIF for BOSEM:

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How do we compare to other journals in the field?

We extracted the 2020 and 2021 JIFs for the 20 journals identified as Q1 for Sport Sciences by 2021 Journal Citation Reports (table 1).6 With a 45% increase from the previous year, our calculated unofficial JIF placed us fourth for the highest percentage difference compared with these journals (figure 1). We, in part, attribute this meteoric rise to the dynamic nature of our diverse editorial board, which brings together a broad range of future academic and clinical leaders7 as well as the open-access nature of the journal, which supports a push towards Open Science practices within the field.8 When we compare ourselves to other Q1 Sports Science journals, we compare favourably, and our calculations support the notion that BOSEM has marked potential to be a leading journal within the field with continued expected growth. We acknowledge that despite a strong position based on our own calculations and perceptions, nothing is a given. Yet, we won't stop believin’ and eagerly await our re-evaluation, which hopefully recognises us with an official JIF.

Table 1

Official 2020 and 2021 Journal Impact Factors (JIF) for journals identified as Q1 in Sports Science in the 2021 Journal Citation Reports, and our calculated 2020 and 2021 JIF for BMJ Open Sport Exercise and Medicine (BOSEM)

Figure 1

Difference (%) in 2021 JIF compared to 2020 JIF. BOSEM, BMJ Open Sport Exercise and Medicine; JIF, Journal Impact Factor.

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The authors thank all who contribute to BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine.


Supplementary materials


  • Twitter @PatrickOwenPhD, @BelavySpine, @dianarobdoc, @Sportmednews, @AmyHarwood91, @evertverhagen

  • Contributors Writing—original draft: PJO. Writing—review and editing; approved final manuscript: all.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests PJO is an associate editor at BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine. DLB, DGR, NA, AH, YM, NS are senior associate editors at BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine. EV is the editor-in-chief of BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.