Objectives The first main goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety as well as self-compassion in a heterogeneous sample of male amateur soccer players. The second main goal of this study was the examination of the relationship between injuries and psychological factors in amateur soccer players.
Methods Players were recruited from German amateur soccer clubs of the fourth to seventh league. 419 soccer players with the mean age of 22.88 years participated in the psychological and the injury assessment at the beginning of the season and at the end, 9 months later. For the psychological assessment, depression and anxiety rate as well as self-compassion was analysed. Furthermore, the frequencies of injuries were registered.
Results The results showed that players of the highest amateur league, the fourth league in German soccer, showed significantly higher anxiety values than players from a lower league (p=0.013). There were no differences in depression values dependent on the league. Furthermore, players who suffered from an injury before the start of the season demonstrated higher anxiety values (p=0.027). This result was independent of the respective league.
Conclusion The results of this study demonstrate that even in higher amateur soccer the anxiety level of the players varies between soccer players of different leagues. Because an injury before the start of the season influenced the anxiety level, a psychological treatment during injury should be considered.
- amateur soccer players
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Contributors PJ designed the study, analysed the data and wrote the first draft of the paper. JL organised and supervised the data acquisition, helped design the study and discussed the first draft of the paper. BF recruited the data. GH was responsible for the data management of the large intervention research project. OL was the costudy leader. LA recruited and contacted all athletes. WK was the study leader.
Funding The study was financially supported by the Public Trauma Insurance for elite athletes in Germany (Verwaltungsberufsgenossenschaft, VBG) and Patrick Luig, Hendrick Block and Christian Klein.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Ethics approval The study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Regensburg (No: 15-101-0137).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data sharing statement Data are available upon reasonable request.
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