Table 1

Patient demographics and baseline characteristics

FactorTotal sampleMaleFemale
Sample sizen=(8863)n=6893 (77.8%)n=1970 (23.2%)
Age (years)63.26±11.0962.73±1165.10±11.25
Height (cm)171.14±9.11174.27±7160.16±6.64
Weight (kg)81.80±15.5184.78±14.471.40±14.8
BMI (kg/m2)27.86±4.5627.89±4.2927.81±5.42
ISWT (m) 358.11±174.40384.24 m±175.41266.58±135.94
Hypertension (%)40.139.043.0
Dyslipidemia (%)31.331.231.8
Diabetes (%)16.016.215.5
Physical activity (%)40.543.033.0
Smokers (%)7.37.27.7
MI (%)8.67.313.0
PCI (%)60.160.857.3
CABG (%)22.124.414.2
Valve surgery (%)9.27.415.6
  • BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; ISWT, incremental shuttle walk est; MI, myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.